Presbiterio de la iglesia de Santiago Apóstol (detalle), Orihuela

Orihuela, Alicante (IV) – Presbiterio de la Iglesia de Santiago Apóstol

…espacio monumental, sólido y al tiempo esbelto, de absoluta raigambre clásica, gracias al uso de un orden jónico totalmente depurado.

Crucero-presbiterio de Santiago Apóstol
Crucero-presbiterio de Santiago Apóstol

Como dijimos en la anterior entrada, Orihuela no deja de sorprendernos. En el interior de la iglesia de Santiago Apóstol, un templo gótico construido en el siglo XV, nos encontramos un presbiterio y capilla mayor de un fabuloso renacimientoDe nuevo es Jerónimo Quijano quien idea y diseña, en la segunda mitad del XVI, este dispositivo arquitectónico que se inserta con absoluta armonía en el templo construido a finales del medievo.

Entre la nave principal y el crucero-presbiterio del templo encontramos un monumental arco que divide ambos espacios. Este tipo de arco, inspirado en los arcos triunfales romanos, se hizo típico en las basílicas paleocristianas, y de ahí lo retomaron los arquitectos del renacimiento. Es curioso que la estructura arquitectónica renacentista no se encuentre alineada con la gótica primitiva; el autor prefirió mantener el orden en su reforma, lo que ofrece a su conjunto cierta independencia.

Quijano construye un espacio monumental, sólido y al tiempo esbelto, de absoluta raigambre clásica, gracias al uso de un orden jónico totalmente depurado. La utilización de los elementos constructivos y decorativos es precisa pero también diversa; el arquitecto logra, sin dificultades, combinar los diferentes motivos geométricos y arquitectónicos con una gran coherencia.

El espacio conseguido nos transporta a las mejores obras del renacimiento romano. En el retablo, el apóstol Santiago se yergue con dignidad en un marco realmente impresionante. Bajo un gran arco de medio punto, el santo patrón se asemeja a un emperador romano, rodeado de la magnificencia de este espacio inigualable.

Bóveda renacentista del crucero de Santiago Apóstol
Bóveda renacentista del crucero de Santiago Apóstol


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