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Ávila – Monumento al Tostado

Monumento al Tostado, catedral de Ávila

Monumento al Tostado, catedral de Ávila

En el interior de  la Catedral de Ávila, concretamente en el trasaltar, encontramos este fantástico ejemplo de monumento funerario del primer renacimiento español. En este monumento funerario se homenajea a Alonso Fernández de Madrigal, más conocido como “El Tostado“, un clérigo, académido y escritor español, obispo de Ávila entre 1454 y 1455, año de su muerte.

Obra de Vasco de la Zarza, realizada entre 1520 y 1524, en ella el artista muestra su conocimiento de las composiciones y la técnica escultórica renacentista italiana; se muestra al protagonista cobijado por un dispositivo arquitectónico clásico de columnas, entablamento y arcosolio. No obstante, dichos elementos arquitectónicos aparecen profusamente decorados con grutescos y relieves platerescos, como ocurre por ejemplo con las recargadas columnas. De este modo, lo florido y decorativista de esta obra lo alejan del purismo clasicista y lo acercan a los últimos momentos del gótico florido o flamenco, en tanto que se multiplican las escenas (el Nacimiento, la Adoración de los Reyes…) y se pierde el concepto antropocéntrico alrededor del protagonista, pues las escenas secundarias distraen la atención del propio tema funerario, como no ocurría en el Sepulcro de Ramón Folc.

Detalle del sepulcro donde se aprecian los bajorrelieves que conforman la capa pluvial del Tostado

A pesar de todo ello, personalmente, esta obra se presenta como una de las más curiosas y bellas de las que hemos visto. Los motivos escultóricos son de una suma delicadeza, pero especialmente los de la capa pluvial que cubre al obispo. Se trata de un magnífico conjunto de bajorrelieves que convierten el alabastro en verdaderos damascos y tejidos bordados. En realidad todo el conjunto de vestimentas y atributos del obispo resulta de una maestría y dominio apabullante, donde se combinan las escenas pasionistas de la capa, con las joyas de la mitra y el rostro erudito del Tostado.

24 Responses to “Ávila – Monumento al Tostado”

  1. […] estatura cuello ancho y cabeza voluminosa, fue sepultado en la catedral de Ávila en un magnífico mausoleo de Vasco de la Zarza, una de las joyas de Ávila. Sobre su sepulcro reza la inscripción: «Hic stupor est mundi, qui […]

  2. […] cuello ancho y cabeza voluminosa, fue sepultado en la catedral de Ávila en un magnífico mausoleo de Vasco de la Zarza, una de las joyas de Ávila. Sobre su sepulcro reza la inscripción: «Hic stupor est mundi, qui […]

  3. […] estatura cuello ancho y cabeza voluminosa, fue sepultado en la catedral de Ávila en un magnífico mausoleo de Vasco de la Zarza, una de las joyas de Ávila. Sobre su sepulcro reza la inscripción: «Hic stupor est mundi, qui […]

  4. Persi says:

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  6. Kamprett says:

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  9. Kariman says:

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  11. Di lain pihak suatu kebijaksanaan ‘pintu yang lama sekali terbuka’ terhadap arus teknologi asing, terutama dalam bentuk penanaman modal asing

  12. Selain itu, teknologi adalah terapan matematika, sains, dan berbagai seni untuk faedah kehidupan seperti yang dikenal saat ini. Sebuah contoh modern adalah bangkitnya teknologi komunikasi.

  13. industri baru dan lebih banyak lapangan kerja memerlukan tambahan pengetahuan sinambung akan hukum-hukum alam. Pengetahuan baru yang esensial ini dapat diperoleh hanya melalui penelitian ilmiah dasar.

  14. Secara etimologis, akar kata teknologi adalah “techne” yang berarti serangkaian prinsip atau metode rasional yang berkaitan dengan pembuatan suatu objek, atau kecakapan tertentu, atau pengetahuan tentang prinsip-prinsip atau metode, dan seni.

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